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Medinah Shriners’ Meeting Places

October–November 1882: Medinah was organized principally in the office of Noble Dr. Vincent Lumbard Hurlbut, on the third floor of 47 East Monroe Street [o.s.] (now 14 East Monroe Street [n.s.])[1] in Chicago.[2] Our dispensation petition and charter petition were ratified, our first potentate and divan were elected, and our first nobles were created and obligated in that office.[3]

Noble Hurlbut was among the most prominent of Freemasons, having been a charter member of the Royal Order of Scotland’s The Provincial Grand Lodge U.S.A. in 1878 along with the legendary but controversial Illustrious Albert Pike, 33°, S.G.C.;[4] an original noble of Mecca Shriners in New York;[5] Imperial Potentate Walter M. Fleming’s Shrine Deputy for Illinois;[6] Grand Commander of Knights Templar for Illinois;[7] Grand Master of the Grand Encampment of Knights Templar of the USA in 1871;[8] and the owner of “one of the best private Masonic libraries in the country” until it was lost in the Great Fire, coincidentally also in 1871.[9]

To the left is a woodcut from Rand McNally's 1893 Bird's-Eye Views and Guide to Chicago. The top of Noble Hurlbut's building is marked "11", at the northeast corner of State and Monroe Streets. The back of the American Merchants' United Express Building (see below) is a half a block west, and marked "6".

The webmaster is currently attempting to secure a photograph of the building. Please email any imagery or information you have about 14 East Monroe Street [formerly "45-49 Monroe Street" until the city's 1911 renumbering programme] to the webmaster. Thank you.

December 1882: Our first potentate, Illustrious Sir Edgar P. Tobey (also an original noble of Mecca Shriners[10] and the husband of Noble Vincent L. Hurlbut’s sister, Arizona[11]) held Medinah’s final administrative and procedural meetings of 1882 in the officers’ room of Battery D, 1st Illinois Light Artillery’s armoury[12] on Michigan Avenue, north of the Interstate Exposition Building [13], where Major Tobey commanded Battery D.[14]

The one-story armoury can be seen in the photograph on the left, largely obscured by the Interstate Exposition Building to the armoury's south. The exposition building stood on the current site of the Art Institute of Chicago. Please email any information or imagery you have of the Battery D armoury to the webmaster. Thank you.

This is not to be confused with the later, much more impressive 1st Regiment armoury which was built ten years later, more than a mile south, at the intersection of Michigan Avenue and 16th Street.

1883 – 1885: Our first permanent home was Oriental Hall at 122 [o.s.] 16 North [n.s.] LaSalle Street.[15] It was here on 30 March 1883, that the first Medinah Shrine Ceremonial was staged, complete with costumes and props, but without Potentate Tobey who was conducting a court-martial that day (Chief Rabban Dr. Marvin E. Smith presided).[16]

The woodcut on the left depicts the exterior of Oriental Hall, circa 1873, as it appeared in The Land Owner, Vol. 4, No. 10, Chicago: J. M. Wing (Oct. 1872), at 173. Click the thumbnail to see a high-resolution image.

The photograph below the woodcut depicts the exterior of Oriental Hall, sometime after the 1894 completion of Louis Sullivan’s Chicago Stock Exchange (on the right edge of the image, immediately north of Oriental Hall on the other side of the Calhoon Place alley, but prior to the 1909 demolition of the hall and the LaSalle Building (left edge of the photo, abutting the hall to the south) to make room for Holabird & Roche’s Hotel LaSalle.

The bottom photograph on the left, one half of a stereoscope card, depicts the interior of Oriental Hall, circa 1895.

Both photographs courtesy of Oriental Lodge, No. 33, AF&AM.

1885: Having outgrown Oriental Hall, we temporarily rented space in Corinthian Hall at 185 to 189 East [o.s.] 56 West [n.s.] Kinzie Street, whilst negotiating a lease with Apollo Commandery (see below).[17] Making due with the facilities in Corinthian Hall included rather questionable props. The Chicago Record-Herald reported “… here [at Corinthian Hall] some of the most illustrious citizens of Chicago ‘crossed the burning sands of the desert,’ the ‘burning sands’ consisting of cans, bottles and other junk with which the alleys of the neighbourhood were littered.”[18]

To the left is a woodcut depicting a westward view along the Chicago River, South Water Street (now Wacker Drive) and Kinzie Street, from Rand McNally's 1893 Bird's-Eye Views and Guide to Chicago. Corinthian Hall is in the upper right corner, at the northwest corner of the intersection of Kinzie and Dearborn Streets. Dearborn is identified by the second bridge from the top (west).

The webmaster is attempting to secure a photograph of Corinthian Hall. If you have images of this long lost building, please email them to the webmaster. Thank you.

1885–1895: Returning to within a city block from Noble Dr. Hurlbut’s office, we enjoyed suitable space, both in terms of size and quality, by leasing the Egyptian Room[19] of Apollo Commandery’s Monroe ‘Asylum’ (the Templar term for a lodge hall or preceptory) complex in the American Express Building[20] at 72-74-76-78 [o.s.] (23 to 33 West Monroe Street [n.s.]).[21] Designed by Henry Hobson Richardson for the American Express Company (f/k/a American Merchants’ Union Express Company), the building was constructed in 1872[23] in the aftermath of the Great Fire of 1871.

As with the other three rooms, the Egyptian Room boasted lavish ornamentation; in this case, featuring Egyptian themed murals and detailed mouldings.[24]

The asylum proper included a powerful pipe organ and what may have been the first horse-shoe balcony in a Freemason hall in the United States.[25]

Interestingly, this building was also at the time the home of the Scottish Rite Valley of Chicago, whose leadership were enamoured with their stage facilities to such a point that they decided to make use of them to better illustrate the lessons of their degrees;[26] the stage productions were so successful that “Chicago-style” degrees were adopted by the Scottish Rite in both the Northern Jurisdiction and Southern Jurisdiction, and valleys all over bought scenery from Brother Joseph S. Sosman’s firm, Sosman and Landis Scene Painting Studios of Chicago, to outfit their stages.[27]

Despite being built with a 4,000-gallon reservoir in its attic, and a basement steam pump capable of propelling water fifty feet above the roof, building was gutted by fire on 17 June 1930.[28]

The first woodcut on the left, depicting the exterior of the American Merchants' Union Express Company building, originally appeared on page 197 of The Land Owner, Vol. 4, No. 11 (November 1872), published by J. M. Wing & Co.

The second woodcut on the left, depicting the Egyptian Room originally appeared on page 56 of The Land Owner, Vol. 6, No. 4, supra.

The photograph on the left depicts the exterior of the American Express Building dressed for the 1910 Triennial Grand Encampment of Knights Templar of the U.S.A. See the reflection of the Majestic Building’s distinctive terra cotta lower walls in the American Express Building’s windows. Photo courtesy of Apollo Commandery No. 1, Knights Templar.

1895–1903: The first home of our own was leased space in what became known as the Medinah Building at 181 [o.s.] 176 West [n.s.] Jackson Boulevard), bounded also by Fifth Avenue (now, as before, Wells Street)[29] and Quincy Street. We occupied the top two floors, as well as the towers extending up two additional floors on each corner of the building. It was acclaimed an architectural nightmare in its time.[30]

1903–1912: The first “mosque” owned by Medinah Shriners was the limestone church building at 235 Dearborn Avenue [o.s.] (now 935 North Dearborn Street [n.s.]), which we purchased from Collier’s Unity Church[31], an offshoot of the Unitarian Church.[32] The cornerstone was laid on 29 August 1867, and all but the outer walls were destroyed on 9 October 1871, by the Great Chicago Fire.[33] Medinah Shriners purchased the building on 30 April 1903.[34] The $62,000 purchase price[35] was approximately equal to the cost of remodelling the former church for our use.[36] The building faces Washington Square Park, popularly known in the early 20th Century as “Bughouse Square.”[37] It was sold to the Scottish Rite Valley of Chicago by prior agreement when we moved.[38] This building, along with the adjoining buildings and townhouse mansions, continued to be used as the Scottish Rite Cathedral until 16 November 2006; and the massive 1875 mechanical-linkage E. & G.G. Hook & Hastings pipe organ – which the Medinah Shriners moved during the renovation from the east end where the pulpit had been in the building’s era as a church, to the balcony in the west[39] – is now Chicago’s oldest operative organ[40] and the city’s largest 19th Century organ.[41]

Click here for more photographs, inside and out. Note: Some of the photographs are rather large in size.

The so-called ”small preceptory” in the adjoining building the Scottish Rite built to the south of the church building, while not relevant per se to this page, as it did not house the Medinah Shriners, may be of interest to many visitors to this site. The small preceptory served as a lodge hall, chapter hall, council hall and commandery asylum until the property was turned over to developers on 19 December 2006. Views of the small preceptory can be viewed by clicking here.

The church building underwent impressive restoration work following the sale of the property. The exterior stone was tuck-pointed, and the coverings over the windows were removed to expose both the plate glass above the front entrance, and the stained glass along Walton Street. Once the building was no longer needed for construction offices and materials staging/security, it returned to use as a religious venue. An evangelical "low Protestant" church acquired the venue and added floor seating to the large preceptory.

1911: A site committee located the Judge Lambert Tree mansion. In March, the Medinah Shriners purchased the east half of the Tree estate. Six months later, on Halloween night, 1 November 1911 the cornerstone was laid for the Medinah Shriners’ auditorium and Shrine centre at 600 North Cass Avenue (now 600 North Wabash Avenue). We built a 4,200-seat, 100,000-plus square foot building with a dinning room to seat 2,300 people. The stage was 68 feet wide and extended 45 feet into the auditorium.[42]

1915: The Austin model Opus 588 pipe organ was added to the auditorium.[43]

1921: The mortgage was paid off.[44]

by 1940: The original terra cotta “bullet” domes had been removed due to water leaks, and the towers were raised.[45]

1954: Two 15-ton copper clad “onion” domes were mounted atop the previously raised towers.[46]

1956: The west half of the Tree property was purchased. The studios were leased out to produce an income stream, which helped carry Medinah through some lean years.[47]

1959: The unit building was built on the inner courtyard of the Tree Studios property.[48]

1983–2000: Two or three studies to find a buyer and a new location for Medinah were conducted.[49]

2001: The mosque and Tree Studios were sold.[50] The mosque has since been beautifully restored and is now home to Bloomingdale’s Home Store. The Tree Studios have also been restored and are once again artist studios and apartments.

Click here for more photographs inside and out. Note: Some of the photographs are rather large in size.

2001–2005: For four years, the Medinah Shriners were a band of nomads, with no permanent home of our own. While much of Medinah’s artefacts, costumes, and props languished in rented storage space, our Recorder and his staff administered Medinah from a simple office in an industrial park at 78 Eisenhower Lane North, in Lombard.

30 November 2002: A site selected within the demographic centre of our membership at the intersection of Interstate Highways 355 & 88 and Butterfield Road was turned down by the membership in attendance. Some of the reasons cited were: No room for expansion, not enough parking, not visible from the highway, operating cost might have been too high, and not enough space for picnics.[51]

18 December 2002: Three new committees were selected: the Site Committee, Building Concept Committee, and Communications Committee.[52]

1 June 2004: [one century, one year, and one day after our purchase of the Dearborn Avenue property; (see above)] Following a presentation by the architects of a new building concept, Potentate Jack Zimmerman called for a standing vote by the assembled nobles at the stated meeting, who unanimously took to their feet and approved the architect’s plans and the expenditure of $10,600,000 (in addition to the cost of the land, which had already been purchased) to build Medinah’s new Shrine Centre at what was then 550 North Town Center Drive [now 550 North Shriners Drive], in Addison.[53]

November 2004: As the foundation continued to be poured, the Village of Addison renamed the former Town Center Drive that serves as our driveway, to “Shriners Drive.”

9 September 2005: Our Silent Messenger Statue was unveiled by Past Potentate Stewart B. Smith & Lady Florence Smith who made the funding of the statue her project during her service as Medinah’s 2001 First Lady.[54]

11–12 October 2005: Potentate John E. Martin presided over the dedication and grand opening of Medinah Shrine Centre with the assistance of Imperial Potentate Gary W. Dunwoody (Scimitar Shrine) and the Honourable Larry Hartwig, Mayor of Addison. The festivities included a black-tie fundraising gala, tours, a picnic, a massive parade, dignitaries, and fireworks.

This lovely facility is available for weddings, seminars, Bar/Bat Mitzvoth, banquets and other events. Click here to learn about Medinah Catering.

Other Buildings Associated with Medinah Shriners

1921: Independently of the Medinah Shriners organisation, a group of Medinah Shriners bought four hundred acres on which they built a world-class country club for Shriners at what would become 6N001 Medinah Road in Medinah. With the economic realities of the Great Depression, membership was opened to non-Shriners, although Medinah Country Club> and the town that grew up around it both retain the name to this day. The cornerstone of the Moorish-themed clubhouse was laid in 1924, with dedication less than a year later.[55]

1929–1935: Like the Country Club, the Medinah Athletic Club was founded by Shriners of Medinah for themselves and their brethren, yet remained a separate entity from the Medinah Shriners organisation. Located at 505 North Michigan Avenue in Chicago, the facility included a gymnasium, bowling alleys, driving range, sauna, an Olympic-sized pool, ballrooms, restaurants, conference rooms, and four hundred, forty-two sleeping rooms. Unlike the Country Club, the Athletic Club did not survive the Great Depression, going bankrupt in 1935.[56] The building, still bearing its distinctive onion dome, as well as many Shrine-themed architectural elements on the interior, is now the Hotel Intercontinental.

Owned by the Medinah Shriners, the Medinah Black Horse Troop Barn at 24W280 Saint Charles Road, in Carol Stream, has thirty-five stalls with both Troop horses and privately owned boarded horses. The Barn has an indoor arena, outdoor arena, pasture and direct access to trails, stalls cleaned daily, feeding twice a day, turn out available, wash rack, and group rides. It has a stable hand on duty twenty-four hours per day, and the barn manager oversees the grounds, vet and farriery care.[57]

1920: Following much debate and an impassioned “Bubbles” speech by Noble Forrest Adair (Yaarab Shrine, Atlanta), the Shriners of North America assembled for the 46th Imperial Council Session in Portland, Oregon, voted to found the Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children (now Shriners Hospitals for Children).[58]

1924: Medinah Shriners bought 17½ acres near the western city limits of Chicago at 2211 North Oak Park Avenue, and donated the plot to the Imperial Council in order to build a Shriners’ Hospital for Crippled Children (now Shriners Hospitals for Children).[59]

February–June 1925: Medinah Shriners committed to building the hospital, established a committee to oversee the project, and awarded the construction contracts.[60]

25 June 1925: The Hospital’s cornerstone was laid by Illustrious Sir Arthur H. Vincent, Medinah Potentate;[61] Noble Sam P. Cochran (Hella Shriners), Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Shriners Hospitals for Crippled Children;[62] and the Honourable William E. Dever, Mayor of the City of Chicago.[63]

20 March 1926: The Shriners Hospital for Crippled Children, Chicago Unit opened.[64]

1978: Medical needs and procedures having changed substantially (along with building, electrical, plumbing and fire codes) in the 52 years since the Hospital’s opening, ground was broken behind the then-existing Hospital for its replacement.

1981: The new Hospital building was opened and the old one torn down. A few architectural elements were salvaged and incorporated into the new facility, including the stained-glass dormer window now featured at the carport.

June 2004: The hospital was rededicated at the annual Hospital Day, marking both the opening of a new thirty-two million dollar wing, and the 80th anniversary of Medinah’s purchase of the land from which the hospital would sprout and serve so many children.[65]

 

[1]  The City of Chicago made sense of the seemingly chaotic street numbering system in 1909 (outside of the central business district) and 1911 (within the central business district). Under the new system, all street numbers are followed by a cardinal directional indicator indicating the address number’s relation to the city’s grid “zero point” at the intersection of Madison and State Streets. The north side of latitudinal streets and the west side of longitudinal streets bear even numbers; odd numbers are used on the south and east sides of streets. See Plan of Re-Numbering City of Chicago: A Complete Table Showing New and Old Numbers affected by an ordinance passed by the City Council of the City of Chicago June 22, 1908, and as Amended by an Ordinance Passed June 21, 1909, Chicago: The Chicago Directory Company (1909), available at http://www.chicagohs.org/research/onlinesearch/resolveuid/855f21596b0175d1ee2201daba1d54e8, and an unidentified document of the Chicago History Museum (f/k/a The Chicago Historical Society), available at http://www.chicagohs.org/research/onlinesearch/resolveuid/fb72dc57a36024237e6c0683c851804c

[2]  Medinah Shriners: “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” http://www.medinah.org/history.pdf, citing Donald C. McClurg, 100 Years of Love, 1883-1983: A Centennial Commemorative, Chicago: Medinah Temple, A.A.O.N.M.S. (1984), 5-7. See also Thomas Hutchinson, The Lakeside Annual Directory of the City of Chicago, 1882, Embracing a Complete General and Business Directory, Miscellaneous Information and Street Guide, Chicago: The Chicago Directory Company (1882), at 621, which reads, "HURLBUT V. L. physician 3, 47 Monroe, hours 8 to 9 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m."

[3]   McClurg,supra, at 3-5.

[4]   Albert Gallatin Mackey, The History of Freemasonry, With Symbols of Freemasonry and the History of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite, by William R. Singleton (1898), [pages not indicated online], http://www.freemasons-freemasonry.com/mackeysr02.html

[5]   McClurg, supra, 3.

[6]   Id.

[7]   Id.

[8]   Albert F. Schoch, et al., History of the Grand Commandery of Knights Templar of the State of Illinois, Vol. II, Part 1, Chicago: Grand Commandery (1908), at 93, et seq.

[9]   John Byron Hurlburt, Hurlbut-Hurlburt Genealogy, “Vincent Lumbard HURLBUT,” http://www.hurlbut.info/html/d0029/g0000004.htm#I12018

[10]   McClurg, supra, 5.

[11]  Hurlburt, supra. “Horatio Nelson Hurlbut, b: 1806 – Batavia, NY” http://hurlbut.info/ght/gp1580.htm, citing Henry Higgins Hurlbut, Hurlbut Genealogy, New York: Joel Munsell’s Sons Company (1888).

[12]  McClurg, supra, 5. [note, McClurg erroneously shows “light cavalry.” A battery is an artillery formation, whereas a troop is a cavalry formation (or, since the 1920s, an armour formation). Much has been written about Chicago’s 1st Illinois Light Artillery Regiment to include mentions of Tobey (see also note previous). Battery D was frequently informally referred to as “McAllister’s Battery”; the regiment was frequently informally referred to as “Chicago Light Artillery”; the regiment, like most, was renumbered when federalized for the First World War, becoming the 149th Field Artillery”. See, e.g., U.S. Library of Congress “Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933,” http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S?ammem/cdn:@field(SUBJ+@band(149th+Field+Artillery+)].

[13]  Hutchinson, supra, at 43, which reads: "Battery D, First Artillery. Armory, Michigan av. north of the Exposition Bldg. Major, E. P. Tobey; First Lieutenant, F. S. Allen; Senior Second Lieutenant, Stephen Athy; Junior Second Lieutenant, Alfred Russell."

[14]  McClurg, supra, 4-5. See also "Shriners in Midnight Ceremony," Sunday (Chicago) Record-Herald, Oct. 22, 1911, Part 5.

[16]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg, 6.

[17]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg, 7.

[18]  McClurg, supra, at 7, citing Chicago Record-Herald, October 22, 1911.

[19]  J. Carson Webster, “Richardson’s American Express Building,” The Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Vol. 9, No. 1/2, (March-May 1950), 22. See also "New Building of the American Merchants Union Express Company", The Land Owner, Vol. 4, No. 11, Chicago: J. M. Wing & Co. (Nov. 1872), 186, 197. See also "A Great Commercial Edifice. New Building of the American Express Company. The Home of the Chicago Knights Templar. The Largest and Grandest Masonic Lodges in the World," The Land Owner, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Apr. 1874), 54, 57.

[20]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg, 7-10.

[21]  Roster of Apollo Commandery No. 1, Knights Templar, Chicago: H.B. Tiffany & Co. (1908), 1.

[23]  Webster, supra, 21.

[24]  Webster, supra, 22, 24.

[25]  George Warvelle, LL.D., 33°, History of Scottish Rite Masonry in Chicago From its Introduction Until the Semi-Centennial anniversary in the Year 1907, Chicago: Rogers & Smith Co. (1907), 30-31.

[26]  Alphonse Cerza, 33°, A History of the Ancient Accepted Scottish Rite in Illinois, 1846-1965, Bloomington, Illinois: Illinois Council of Deliberation (1966), 59.

[27]  Mark A. Tabbert, American Freemasons: Three Centuries of Building Communities, Lexington, Massachusetts: National Heritage Museum (2005), 145-146.

[28]  Webster, supra, at 23, 24 at Note 11, citing Chicago Tribune, June 7, 1930, p. 30, and the Chicago Daily News, June 7, 1930, p. 3. See also "A Great Commercial Edifice," supra, at 54.

[29]  Portions of Wells Street were so dominated by houses of ill-repute that the Chicago City Council changed its name to 5th Avenue so as to not disgrace the memory of Captain William H. Wells, hero of the Fort Dearborn massacre, and for whom the street had been named. See Emmett Dedmon, Fabulous Chicago, New York: Random House (1953), 31-32.

[30]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg, 10.

[31]  Sam Loiacono & Harry Strouse, eds., Scottish Rite Cathedral Tour, Valley of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois: Scottish Rite Valley of Chicago (2003), 1.

[32]  Cerza, supra, 65-66.

[33]  Id.

[34]  Id.

[35]  Loiacono, supra, 1.

[36]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg 12.

[37]  Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois: Chicago Historical Society (n/k/a Chicago History Museum), at http://www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org/pages/178.html

[38]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg 19.

[39]  Loiacono, supra, 25.

[40]  Masonic Library & Museum Association, “MLMA Annual Meeting”, http://www.bessel.org/mlma/mlma2002.htm

[41]  American Guild of Organists, The American Organist Magazine, date unknown, “Scottish Rite Cathedral, North Dearborn and West Walton Streets, Chicago, Illinois”, http://www.westsuburbanshrineclub.org/dearborn-organ.pdf

[42]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg 18-19.

[44]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg 31.

[45]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra, citing McClurg 104.

[46]  Id.

[47]  Id., citing McClurg 51.

[48]  Id.

[49]  “History of Medinah Temple’s Meeting Places,” supra.

[50]  Id.

[51]  Id.

[52]  Id.

[53]  “Members Approve New Building,” Medinah Review, Fall/Winter 2004/05, 10.

[54]  Caldwell, Don, “’Editorial’ Statue Unveiled: Project of First Lady Florence Smith”, Medinah Review, October-November 2005, 13.

[55]  McClurg,supra, 38-40.

[56]  Id. 38-39.

[57]  Medinah Black Horse Troop, http://medinahbht.org/id3.html

[58]  Past Imperial Potentate William B. Melish, The History of the Imperial Council, Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine For North America, 2nd ed., 1872-1921 (Cincinnati: The Abingdon Press, 1921), 237-238. See also Fred van Deventer, Parade to Glory: The Story of the Shriners and Their Hospitals for Crippled Children (New York: William Morrow and Company, 1959), 97-100, 109, 180-182, 186, 190. See also J. Ed. Hart, “...Unto the Least of These”: A Story of the Shriners’ Hospitals for Crippled Children (Greenville, South Carolina: The Board of Governors and the Staff of the Greenville, South Carolina Unit, Shiners’ Hospitals for Crippled Children, 1948), 20. See also W. O. Saunders, “Let’s Stop Blowing Bubbles,” Collier’s Weekly, 13 Sept. 1924; reprinted at The Builder, vol. X, No. 10. See also Noble Forrest Adair (Yaarab Shriners, Atlanta, Georgia), “The Bubbles Speech” (argument presented at the annual meeting of the Imperial Council of the Ancient Arabic Order, Nobles of the Mystic Shrine, in Portland, Oregon on 22 June 1920), reprinted in Hart, supra, 20-24.

[59]  McClurg, supra, 28.

[60]  “A Proud Tradition of Service,” Shriners Hospitals for Children. http://www.shrinershq.org/Hospitals/Chicago/History/Default.aspx

[61]  McClurg, supra, at 73. Also “Proud Tradition of Service,” supra.

[62]  Fred van Deventer, Parade to Glory: The Story of the Shriners and Their Hospitals for Crippled Children, New York: William Morrow and Company (1959), 191, 204. See also “Proud Tradition of Service,” supra.

[63]  John R. Schmidt, “William E. Dever (1923-1927): A Chicago Political Fable,” The Mayors: The Chicago Political Tradition, Rev. Ed., Paul M. Green & Melvin G. Holli (eds.). Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press (1995), 82-98. Also “Proud Tradition of Service,” supra.

[64]  Id. See also McClurg, supra, 28-29.

[65]  Emil Denemark, “Hospital Day,” Medinah Review, fall-winter 2004/05, 10.

 

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This site was last updated 03/08/13